OpenFire LDAP paged result size

LDAP paged size ldap.pagedResultsSize Finally got it working

In order to work you will need to:

  1. Go to Server::Server Manager::System Properties::Add new property
    Property Name: ldap.pagedResultsSize
    Property Value: 1000
  2. Download source, apply patch, recompile.


There is optional patch that allows retrieving all users (in a single page) in admin interface. It also adds 500 and 1000 results per page.
All users

Note: ldap.pagedResultsSize.patch_ is now applied to svn trunk.

OpenFire Active Directory LDAP integration



1. Scenario
2. A brief introduction to LDAP protocol
3. Configure Open Fire
4. Tuning performance

1. Scenario

The scenario goal is to set up OpenFire with  LDAP based authentication against Microsoft (MS) Active Directory (AD).

2. A brief introduction to LDAP protocol

LDAP is an application protocol. OpenFire will act as a client to a LDAP server – MS AD in our case. We will use AD LDAP for two reasons:

  • User authentication
  • Contact list (roster) population with users and groups already defined in AD.

How it works:

  • You enter username and password in your jabber client.
  • Your client sends your credentials to the OpenFire Server.
  • The OpenFire server tries to connect to the LDAP server with these credentials (make a bind). If connection is successful the OpenFire server knows, that you are the one who you pretend to be.
  • The OpenFire server reads user and group information from the AD via LDAP protocol according to some predefined criteria (search filters).

Basic assumption:

The easiest way to understand LDAP protocol is to imagine that the file browser on your computer is a LDAP server. You have a com directory with a subdirectory named company. The company directory in turn contains a subdirectory named  my and so on. Let’s assume that you search for all png files. Depending on your search starting point your results will vary. If you search starts at OUS folder, you probably won’t get any results. In terms of LDAP the search starting point is called base dn and the search criteria is called search filter.

File Browser

Now a real example:

Suppose we have an AD. The domain is called, and the FQDN of the domain controller is . There are two groups: salesand it.  Both reside in Groups Organizational Unit (OU), which resides in OUS.  We also have a Users OU. At the picture below you can see how the AD looks like viewed in Active Directory Users and Computers (at foreground) and viewed by an MS LDAP browser called ADSIEDIT (at background). Please take a look at the Distinguished Name. You can think about it as a full path to an object (a group, a person, etc.) in AD while using LDAP notation. Remember the example above?  You can denote cn as a common name, ou as an organizational unit , dc as a domain component.

You can see how people records (DNs) look like in the AD and in an LDAP browser:
ldap users

3. Configure OpenFire

First open your web browser. In our case OF is installed on dc1.

install step 1

Next enter a domain name.

installation step 2

Choose LDAP integration
install step 3

Configure database settings, then enter necessary information. Please note, that you can use a dedicated  user account for OF administrator, no need for AD administrative privileges. Test settings!

install step 4

Tweak your user and group filters! You can use this simple filter to extract only users with a valid email address. Of course you can use any valid field in LDAP schema as a search criteria.

You can filter groups by ‘group name’. This filter will extract only groups ending with ‘-fg’.

Remember to test the admin login!

4 Tuning performance

4.1 Java virtual machine memory settings

In order to achieve best performance you will need to increase default memory used by java VM. In Gentoo linux – go to /etc/conf.d/openfire
and change -Xmx2048m to the desired value.


4.2 Cache properties

You have to monitor your cache performance and most likely you will have to increase cache size. Go to server manager:: Caches summary. Watch for Roster cache size and usage. Some symptoms of inefficient cache size are: slow user connection, users appears offline while connected, messages are delayed, LDAP server experiences heavy traffic. Properties to note:

I achieve best performance boost with Username2Roster.
If you have a large number of users and frequent logins, you can try to enable authCache:

4.3 Uninstall modules

Remove all unneeded modules.
ToDo / Note this is a work in progress/:

add links, more tweaks, more search filters.

OpenFire UserService Plugin extension

I want to be able to send messages from an external application via an http request to users. For this reason I ‘merged’ UserService and Subscription plugins. With this modification userService can send messages to users. All you need to do is to build a correct http request in your application.

  • Note, that I’m NOT a Java programmer at all!
  • In order to use this modification you’ll have to reinstall the userService Plugin.
  • No error handling is provided.


New parameters added:

sender sender of the message OF version
recipient recipient of the message 3.6+
subject subject of the message 3.6+
msg body (text) of the message 3.6+
username a valid username 3.7+


Example query 3.6+ :

Example query 3.7+ :


All parameters can be sent via HTTP POST or GET methods in a single query. For example the sender, the recipient and the subject parameters use  http GET, while the msg parameter uses http POST method.

Note: In order to send big (more than ~2k) messages you need to use POST method for the msg parameter.  You need to urlencode() some or all the values!


An example usage is an intranet web application that sends message to a user  when someone opens a link. A simple PHP example:


Simple PHP example